By Joseph E. Balmer   |   February 28th, 2009

Attorney Joseph E. Balmer is head of the estate planning and probate department at Holzfaster, Cecil, McKnight & Mues and is one of only 17 attorneys in the Dayton, Ohio area to be certified specialist in estate planning and probate administration.

epwait.jpgMany individuals first think about estate planning when they get married. They realize that, at a minimum, they should have a will, general power of attorney and power of attorney for health care. They may later amend these documents due to life changes or changes in their financial position. However, one might be surprised to know that a recent survey by PNC Wealth Management disclosed that 30% of adults with financial assets of $500,000 or more did not have a will! A recent Harris Interactive survey of the general population found that 58% of all adults had no will. One might be even more surprised that if he or she had a will and became divorced, he or she may be no better off than if he or she had no will.

Fortunately, under Ohio law, if one is divorced, unless the will specifies otherwise, one’s ex-spouse is deemed to have predeceased the individual; and thus, will not inherit under the individual’s will even if named a beneficiary. The ex-spouse is also deemed to have predeceased the individual for purposes of serving as an executor, trustee or power of attorney. However, what if a couple had simple wills leaving everything to each other with no contingency naming back-up beneficiaries if the spouse is deceased, and named the other spouse as the executor without an alternate? Post-divorce, such a will would be basically useless, and no different than if the individual had no will.

What happens if a divorced person dies without a will? The laws of intestacy in the state where the decedent last resided would apply. If one had no children, all assets would go to one’s parents. If the parents were receiving Medicaid assistance or had limited assets, the funds may eventually all have to be depleted for the parents’ medical or nursing home care. If one had minor children, the assets would have to be placed in a guardianship for the children. Court approval would be required prior to using the funds for the childrens’ needs, and they would have to be distributed to the children at the age of 18. The decedent would also have no control over the choice of the guardian. If one had no children or parents, the assets would be distributed to the decedent’s closest blood relatives.

Usually, these are not the outcomes that the decedent would have wanted. So then, what is a person to do? First, in initially preparing estate planning documents,one should always address in the documents the possibility of his or her spouse predeceasing him or her and how assets should be distributed under such a situation. They should designate an alternate executor; and if they have young children, designate a guardian and alternate guardian. These inclusions would help protect the individual if a later divorce occurs. However, it is just as crucial, if one’s marriage unfortunately ends, to remember to include as a priority item on the “to do” list, a comprehensive review of his or her estate planning documents. This will eliminate the possibility of an undesired and unfortunate distribution of one’s assets upon one’s death.

Source:Why You Need A Will” – Forbes Magazine, January 19, 2009

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Joseph E. BalmerAbout The Author: Joseph E. Balmer
Joseph Balmer manages the Probate, Trust and Estate Administration department at Dayton, Ohio, law firm, Holzfaster, Cecil, McKnight & Mues, and has been certified by the Ohio State Bar Association as a specialist in Estate Planning, Trust and Probate Law since 2006.

Why One Should Not Postpone Post-Divorce Estate Planning

2 thoughts on “Why One Should Not Postpone Post-Divorce Estate Planning

  • March 23, 2009 at 6:50 am

    Home is your comfort zone.A home is a place of residence or refuge.Home is anywhere were you can be you and you can feel comfortable .A family consists of the people you’ve known for a long time, who are always there for you. Family is blood related that you would kill, or die .

  • August 11, 2009 at 1:57 pm

    Senior Home Health care services in Centerville,Kettering and Springboro Ohio understands the imortance of estste planning. We highly suggest that when someone begins to reach the age where they may be generally unhealthy that they put their assets in the name of a loved one. This allows for the preservation of the estate while avoidinding the Medicaid 5 year “look back period”. The really bad thing about our system is that there are people who have done nothing but drink and do drugs all their lives and they are elgible for full government assistance from day one of need. People who have worked for 40 years have to liquidate everything they have ever worked for and use it up before they are elgible for dollar one. Our great government at work again rewarding the people with no ambition or goals while taking form those who are willing to work hard for a living. Estate planning is critical in your senior years. Find one that will show you how to leagally beat the system.

    Grant Dixon
    Miami Valley Homecare/Dayton and Cincinnati

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